This course introduces students to the principles of flow and transport in hydrologic systems: including rivers, lakes, aquifers, the vadose zone, glaciers and the lower atmosphere. Fluid mechanical and thermodynamical properties, fluid statics, fluid dynamics including mass, momentum, and energy conservation, and transport of heat, particles and non-reactive chemicals with fluid flow. Single and multiphase laminar flow in porous and fractured permeable media. Turbulence and related topics that are of particular interest in rivers and the atmospheric boundary layer. Vertically integrated models of aquifer, overland, and river flow.
Data-driven Modeling in Science and Engineering (HYD 520)
This course introduces students to statistical learning techniques and data assimilation for science and engineering applications. Given the wide variety of topics, the course focuses on practical applications and emphasizes the understanding of the assumptions underlying different techniques. This approach allows students to learn the basics of useful tools for data-driven modeling and revisit their theoretical and practical underpinnings as needed. Topics may include supervised and unsupervised learning, regression, classification, importance sampling, ensemble forecasting, and Kalman Filtering. The codes R or Python will be used for the class.
Tracers in Hydrology (HYD 558)
This course introduces students to the principles and practical aspects of environmental and artificial tracers in hydrology. Environmental tracer topics include the atomic structure and abundances of environmental isotopes, stable isotope fractionation, and mass spectrometry; applications of the stable isotopes of hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon to meteorology and hydrology; radioactive decay and radionuclide production; applications of tritium, 3He, 14C, 36Cl, and other radionuclides; application of Cl, Br, CFCs and other environmental tracers to hydrologic problems; and carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus isotopes for nutrient cycling in soils and freshwater systems. Artificial tracer topics include fluorescent and salt tracers, drifting particles, and dissolved gas tracers. This course also covers the planning and execution of tracer experiments and the analysis and interpretation of tracer data with solute transport equations, convolution integral methods, and end-member mixing analysis.
Benchmark Papers in Hydrology (HYD 572)
In this weekly seminar, we will read and critically review a selection of benchmark papers in hydrologic sciences. Papers are selected to highlight important contributions in several branches of hydrology and related fields; for example, groundwater hydrology, watershed hydrology, ecohydrology, environmental tracers, geomorphology, and river nutrient cycling. An active learning strategy will be used to drive an intellectually engaging discussion.